SpaceX to Launch NASA’s Spherex Astrophysics Survey Mission
NASA’s spectrophotometer for the history of the universe, the era of reionization and the Ices Explorer mission (SPHEREx) is scheduled to start in 2024. SPHEREx will help astronomers understand how our universe evolved and how common the components of life on the planet of our galaxy are systems. Caltech
NASA’s Spectrophotometer for the History of the Universe, the Epoch of Reionization and the Ices Explorer Mission (SPHEREx), with a goal of launching in 2024, is an astrophysical survey conducted from an orbital observatory. The aim is to study the sky in the near infrared for clues about the beginning of the universe and how galaxies evolved over time.
Now NASA has announced that it has selected SpaceX to launch the SPHEREx mission. This is part of the total cost of $ 99.8 million to get started and other related costs. The launch plan calls for the use of a Falcon 9 rocket, SpaceX’s reusable workhorse rocket, which was used to carry everything from replenishment missions to the International Space Station to the first crewed test flight and subsequent first mission flight of the Crew Dragon capsule to carry astronauts.
SPHEREx is scheduled to launch from Space Launch Complex-4E at Vandenberg Air Force Base, California in June 2024.
NASA selected the SPHEREx mission for funding and launch in February 2019. NASA officials then called it a “treasury of unique data for astronomers”.
By measuring the sky in the near infrared, SPHEREx will collect data on over 300 million galaxies as well as on the more than 100 million stars in our galaxy. By mapping the entire sky multiple times, data is captured using various filters to capture different wavelengths. The result should help astronomers understand deep questions about how the universe was formed.
NASA says the mission will also look for water and organic molecules in star-forming regions and look for discs of matter that could form into planets.